From yesterday’s WSJ; find background on the situation in this feature article in our current issue. The CEO of ArcelorMittal—the largest steel firm in the world—is Lakshmi Mittal, who is one of the richest people in the world. He is so rich that, as Roger Bybee reported in his feature article for us, he spent $55 million on his daughter’s wedding. If you’re wondering how even the super-rich could spend that much money on a wedding, it helps to know that they rented out Versailles for the reception. —cs
Steelworkers Attack ArcelorMittal
Fed Up With Plant Shutdowns, Protesters Smash Windows at Annual Shareholder Meeting in Luxembourg
By ROBERT GUY MATTHEWS
ArcelorMittal is facing increasing worker protests around the world, including a violent confrontation during an annual shareholder meeting Tuesday in Luxembourg, as frustration mounts over plant shutdowns and the reluctance of the world’s biggest steelmaker to commit to reopening idled facilities.
Although ArcelorMittal has already cut production in half and shut down plants and blast furnaces around the world—including some iron ore operations idled Tuesday in Indiana—it still makes more steel than customers need and expects global steel demand to sink by up to 20% this year.
On Tuesday, an estimated 1,000 steelworkers from the company’s plants in France and Belgium attacked its headquarters in Luxembourg, setting off smoke bombs and smashing windows in an effort to disrupt an annual shareholder meeting.
The meeting went on despite the protests. Lakshmi Mittal, chief executive officer of ArcelorMittal, told shareholders that customers are buying less steel and using their current inventory. Producing steel that could not be sold, he said, was pointless.
Mr. Mittal said that he would shift steel production from higher cost plants to more efficient steelmaking plants, but declined to say where or when. Many of the companies higher cost plants are located in Europe and the U.S., where labor costs are higher. Raw material costs in those countries also tend to be higher because those plants tend to be further from mines that produce the raw materials. In addition, plants in those regions are tied to certain markets, particularly automotive, that have seen a steep drop off in demand.
In the U.S., the local steel union mounted a nonviolent protest at the company’s Chicago headquarters two weeks ago, over the anticipated permanent closure of ArcelorMittal’s Hennepin, Ill., plant.
Duane Calbow, vice president of the local 7367 United Steelworkers, said that Chicago workers are frustrated because the company doesn’t seem interested in running the plant or trying to sell the existing operations or find other uses for the facility.